2016年4月15日 星期五

有關2016.4.9 中國客機不聽指令報導 (劉山青)


有關中國客機不聽指令報導

2016/4/15 — 13:09
大紀元,明報,新浪網等報導,「4月9日,一架從中國北京飛往東京羽田機場的中國國際航空公司181次航班(空客A330型),機師未聽從羽田機場空管要求其復飛(暫緩降落)的指令,強行著路。」消息所引的出處是日本共同社和日本國土交通省。
A330-200是一架擁有三級客艙的客機,在載有253名乘客的情況下,其續航距離為13,450公里。這樣的飛機是由高級機師駕駛的。而且,國際民航的通用語言是英語,按理,機師不會聽不懂英語。強行著路是十分嚴重的事,因為一經著陸,飛機便不可能避開可能出現的障礙物。筆者從其他渠道無法找到對證的消息。
但相類似的,和被官方證實的則有一則。
那霸機場2012年7月5日事件
事件由日本國土交通省在2015年5月28日提交報告,報告題為:嚴重航空事故調查報告。
AI2015-4
AIRCRAFT SERIOUS INCIDENT
INVESTIGATION REPORT
CHINA EASTERN AIRLINES CO., LTD.
B2332
AIRASIA JAPAN CO., LTD.
JA01AJ
May 28, 2015
行政撮要:
地點:日本沖繩那霸市
在2012年7月5日,一架載有27人的由中國東方航空公司註冊的空中巴士A319-112(124客座),準備進入跑道飛往上海(浦東)機場。
其時一架由亞洲航空(日本)公司註冊的載有38人的空中巴士A320-214(174客座),正在試飛後回航,準備降落(只距離3.5海里)。
儘管,航空交通控制中心指示中國東方航空公司飛機不要進入跑道,但它仍然進入跑道。交通控制中心唯有指示亞洲航空(日本)公司飛機緊急復飛。事件沒有做成破壞。
報告認為,事件起因可能是:
中國東方航空公司的機師誤解了指示和他看不到有飛機正在進入;
中國東方航空公司機師的"讀回"不清楚;
控制中心人員沒有載耳機,因而在"讀回"時沒有即時指示中國東方航空公司的機師的錯誤。
控制中心人員假設,其指示已經"讀回"。
事件中的爭議性"讀回"是 「排隊及等待,準備好後讀回」“Line up and wait.
Report when ready,”。
On July 5 (Thursday), 2012, an Airbus A319-112, registered B2332, operated by China
Eastern Airlines Co., Ltd., was taxiing toward Runway 18 at Naha Airport in order to depart for Shanghai (Pudong) Airport as the scheduled Flight 2046 of the company. Meanwhile, an Airbus A320-214, registered JA01AJ, operated by Air Asia Japan Co., Ltd., was on the final approach after receiving a landing clearance for Runway 18 at Naha Airport during the flight test required before commencing commercial transport services.
Although an air traffic controller instructed B2332 to hold short of the runway, the aircraft entered the runway; as a result, JA01AJ made a go-around following the instructions from the air traffic controller.
There were 27 people on board B2332, consisting of a Pilot in Command (PIC), nine other crewmembers and 17 passengers, while 38 people on board JA01AJ, consisting of a PIC, five other crewmembers and 32 personnel involved with the flight test. No one was injured and no damage was sustained on either aircraft.
It is highly probable that this serious incident occurred because the departing aircraft
(B2332) made an incursion onto the runway despite being instructed to hold short of the runway, causing the arriving aircraft (JA01AJ), which had already been cleared to land, to attempt to land on the same runway.
It is highly probable that B2332 entered the runway because the flight crewmembers of the aircraft misheard and misunderstood the instruction to hold short of the runway as an instruction to hold on the runway and could not find the arriving aircraft, as well as because the air traffic controller did not recognize that the readback from the aircraft was incorrect and consequently did not confirm or correct the readback.
It is somewhat likely that noise occurring in the sound of the hold instruction from the air traffic controller contributed to the mishearing of the instruction by the flight crewmembers, and also that the misunderstanding by the flight crewmembers that they were allowed to enter the runway and the mind that there was no arriving aircraft contributed to the result that the flight crewmembers could not find the arriving aircraft.
It is also somewhat likely that the following contributed to the fact that the air traffic
controller did not notice the incorrect readback and failed to confirm or correct the readback.
(1) The air traffic controller heard the readback from B2332 over a loudspeaker without wearing a headset.
(2) The readback from B2332 was unclear.
(3) The air traffic controller assumed that her own instructions were read back correctly.

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