2015年10月26日 星期一

WHO 說:約480東西或可致癌 There are roughly 480 other things the WHO says might cause cancer

Hot dogs are now considered carcinogens. There are roughly 480 other things the WHO says might cause cancer.

在45年來世界衛生組織的癌症研究機構一直在研究致癌劑它看著近1000件事情你可能吃的,會接觸到,還是有可能讓你在患癌症的風險較高。他們已經確定,其中約有一半是做致癌或“可能”或“可能”造成的。

當涉及到商業,公共健康和環境,這種癌症名單是影響深遠。它會影響一切從工作場所安全到世界各地的飲食指導方針和污染控制。但是很多這種爭論已經發生在幕後和世界衛生組織的國際癌症研究機構幾乎沒有一個家喻戶曉的名字。

這改變了在週一的國際癌症研究機構宣布了一個令人震驚的(至少對於普通公民) - 它將被添加作為加工肉類,如熱狗,香腸,臘肉,火腿等加工肉類,以高風險致癌物質的名單,引起轟動和混亂的肉愛好的民間遍布的星球之一。專家小組還宣布紅肉可能的致癌物質。

美國的臘肉痴迷是比我們想像的更不健康
玩video0的:52
新的世界衛生組織的研究發現,像熏肉和熱狗加工過的肉類會導致癌症。這是最突出的組申報其疾病的原因,美國牛肉行業不樂意了。 (珍妮STARRS /華盛頓郵報)
[世衛組織說,熱狗,熏肉引發癌症。這是否意味著新聞人應該成為素食主義者?]

可能有其他高調的,有爭議的增補上來的國際癌症研究機構已經宣布將調查其他食品產品在不久的將來。

接下來的研究:咖啡,這將在一次會議在五月下旬2016年進行討論。

下面是一看一些已添加到IARC越來越多多年來其他致癌劑。它們包括你可能從未聽說過的工業化學品以及一些無處不在,常常不可避免的現代生活的各方面的轉換:空氣污染,吸煙,酗酒,和X射線。


黃色葉子的銀杏樹的堅持一個分支在美國國家樹木園亞洲收藏。從植物製備的提取物是銷售作為膳食補充劑,可以提高認知功能,除其他事項。 (卡羅琳卡斯特/美聯社)



集團1 - 致癌:

這對於有最證據的癌症風險的組。但在這一組是不意味著與每個代理相關的風險是相同的 - 例如,吸煙的影響是相同的吃一些熏肉。大約有120劑上市。

砷和砷的化合物
石棉
煤炭,室內排放;氣化;煤焦油蒸餾;煤瀝青
病毒:EB病毒,慢性感染乙型或丙型肝炎,艾滋病毒1型,HPV類型16,18,31,33,35,39,45,51,52,56,58,59和66
含有雌激素和孕激素荷爾蒙避孕;雌激素(包括非甾體類和類固醇);雌激素治療的絕經後婦女
乙醇酒精飲料
甲醛
含有植物屬種馬兜鈴草藥
芥子氣(硫芥)
放射性物質:钚-239及其衰變產物,​​如氣溶膠; Radioiodines;鐳-224及其衰變產物;鐳-226及其衰變產物;鐳228和它的衰變產物;氡-222及其衰變產物
室外空氣的污染,以及顆粒物質
太陽輻射
Tamoxifen6
煙草,吸煙,二手煙
紫外線輻射
的X輻射和γ輻射
加工的肉類
2A組 - 可能致癌:

在人類的致癌的證據有限,致癌性對實驗動物的充分證據。該集團擁有約75劑。

類固醇(通常用於刺激肌肉生長)
草甘膦(包含在農達和其他殺蟲劑或除草劑)
無機鉛化合物
職業暴露作為一個髮型師或石油煉製。
輪班工作,擾亂睡眠模式
紅肉


2B組 - 可能的致癌物質:

在人類的致癌的證據有限,不到致癌性對實驗動物的充分證據。該集團擁有近300家代理商

氯仿
射頻電磁場
品紅色染料
泡菜
銀杏葉提取物
焊接煙塵
木工和細木工
乾洗,職業暴露
消防,職業暴露
[培根,熱狗會導致癌症,世界衛生組織說]

第3組 - 不歸類:

到目前為止,有超過510物質或暴露風險最大的群體。

第4組 - 或許不會致癌性:

只有一個代理在這一組 - 己內酰胺,在生產一種類型的尼龍的使用的化學物質。

了解更多:

在現代的狩獵採集睡眠研究驅散,我們正在連接到需要8小時概念

一切你想知道的(頭腦令人難以置信混亂)新的乳房X光檢查的指導方針

Q&A:安妮·沃西基在23andMe公司的新的個人基因組服務(和改進的?)

特別報導:億萬富翁保羅·艾倫的追求建立一個人造大腦

欲了解更多健康新聞,你可以報名參加我們的每週通訊這裡。


阿麗亞娜Eunjung茶是國家的記者。她曾擔任在上海和舊金山的郵政局局長,並在巴格達的記者。

In the 45 years the World Health Organization's cancer research arm has been studying carcinogenic agents it's looked at nearly 1,000 things you might eat, be exposed to, or do that might put you at higher risk of getting cancer. They've determined that about half of them do cause cancer or "probably" or "possibly" cause it.
When it comes to business, public health and the environment, this cancer list is enormously influential. It affects everything from workplace safety to dietary guidelines and pollution controls around the world. But much of this debate has been happening behind the scenes and the WHO's International Agency for Research on Cancer was hardly a household name.
That changed on Monday when the IARC announced a shocker (at least for the average citizen) -- that it would be adding as a processed meats like hot dogs, sausages, bacon, ham and other processed meats to its list of highest risk carcinogens, causing furor and confusion among meat-loving folk all over the planet. The expert panel also declared red meat a probable carcinogen.
America's bacon obsession is more unhealthy than we thought
Play Video0:52
A new World Health Organization study found that processed meat like bacon and hot dogs cause cancer. It is the most prominent group to declare it a cause of the disease, and the U.S. beef industry isn't happy about it. (Jenny Starrs/The Washington Post)
There may be other high-profile, controversial additions coming up as the IARC has announced it will investigate other food products in the near future.
Next up for study: coffee, which will be discussed at a meeting in late May 2016.
Below is a look at some of the other cancer-causing agents that have been added to the IARC growing list over the years. They include a slew of industrial chemicals you've probably never heard of as well as some ubiquitous and often unavoidable aspects of modern life: air pollution, tobacco smoking, alcohol, and X-rays.
Group 1 - Carcinogenic:
This is the group for which there is the most evidence of cancer risk. But being in this group doesn't mean that the risk associated with each agent is the same -- for example, that the impact of smoking is the same as eating some bacon. There are about 120 agents listed.
  • Arsenic and arsenic compounds
  • Asbestos
  • Coal, indoor emissions; gasification; coal-tar distillation; coal-tar pitch
  • Viruses: Epstein-Barr, chronic infection with Hepatitis B or C, HIV type 1, HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59 and 66
  • Hormonal contraceptives containing both estrogen and progestogen; estrogens (both non steroidal and steroidal); estrogen therapy for postmenopausal women
  • Ethanol in alcoholic drinks
  • Formaldehyde
  • Herbal remedies containing plant species of the genus Aristolochia
  • Mustard gas (Sulfur mustard)
  • Radioactive substances: Plutonium-239 and its decay products, as aerosols; Radioiodines; Radium-224 and its decay products; Radium-226 and its decay products; Radium-228 and its decay products; Radon-222 and its decay products
  • Outdoor air pollution, as well as particulate matter
  • Solar radiation
  • Tamoxifen6
  • Tobacco, smoking, second-hand smoke
  • Ultraviolet radiation
  • X-Radiation and gamma radiation
  • Processed meat
Group 2A - Probably carcinogenic:
Limited evidence of carcinogenicity in humans, sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in experimental animals. This group has about 75 agents.
  • Androgenic steroids (often used to stimulate muscle growth)
  • Glyphosate (contained in Roundup and other insecticides or herbicides)
  • Inorganic lead compounds
  • Occupational exposure as a hairdresser or in petroleum refining.
  • Shift work that disrupts sleep patterns
  • Red meat
Group 2B - Possibly carcinogenic:
Limited evidence of carcinogenicity in humans, less than sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in experimental animals. This group has nearly 300 agents.
  • Chloroform
  • Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields
  • Magenta dyes
  • Pickled vegetables
  • Gingko biloba extract
  • Welding fumes
  • Carpentry and joinery
  • Dry cleaning, occupational exposure
  • Firefighting, occupational exposure
Group 3 - Not classifiable:
By far the largest group with more than 510 substances or exposure risks.
Group 4 - Probably not carcinogenic:
There's only one agent in this group -- caprolactam, a chemical used in the production of a type of nylon.
Read more:
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Ariana Eunjung Cha is a national reporter. She has previously served as the Post's bureau chief in Shanghai and San Francisco, and as a correspondent in Baghdad.

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